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Acronyms & Abbreviations

A

AACHC—Arizona Alliance for Community Health Centers <

AAFP—American Academy of Family Physicians

ACCME—Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education

ACEP—American College of Emergency Physicians

ACMQ—American College of Medical Quality

ACORN—Ambulatory Care Outcomes Research Network

ACP—American College of Physicians

ACTS—AHRQ evidence-based Care Transformation Support

AHRQ—Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

AI—artificial intelligence

AMA—American Medical Association

AMIA—American Medical Informatics Association

ANSI—American National Standards Institute

API—application programing interface

ASH—American Society of Hematology

ASPE—Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation

AU—Australia/Australian

B

BPM+—Business Process Management for Healthcare

BPMN—Business Process Model and Notation

C

C19HCC—COVID19 Healthcare Coalition

CA—California

CAHPS—Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems

CARIN—Creating Access to Real-time Information Now through consumer-directed exchange

CC—Coordinating Center

CCG—Computable Care Guidelines

CDC—Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CDC-ACG—CDC Adapting Clinical Guidelines for the Digital Age

CDM—common data model

CDO—Care Delivery Organization

CDS—Clinical Decision Support

CEDAR—CEPI Evidence Discovery & Retrieval

CEPI—Center for Evidence and Practice Improvement

CFACT—Center for Financing, Access, and Cost Trends

CHSP—Certified Healthcare Safety Professional

CIO—chief information officer

CKD—chronic kidney disease

CMMN—Case Management Model and Notation <

CMS—Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services <

CodeX—Common Oncology Data Elements eXtensions

COKA—COVID19 Knowledge Accelerator

COVID19—2019 novel coronavirus

COVID-END—COVID19 Evidence Network to support Decision-making

CPG—clinical practice guidelines

CQI—continuous quality improvement

CQuIPS—Center for Quality Improvement and Patient Safety

CRN—coordinated registry network

CT—Connecticut

CVD—cardiovascular disease

CVN—Collaborative Ventures Network

D

DAS—Decision/Action Support (5 Rights Framework)

DHA—Defense Health Agency

DHO—Digital Hippocratic Oath

DHRSP—Digital Healthcare Research Strategic Plan

DOD—U.S. Department of Defense

DKP—digital knowledge platform

DMN—Decision Model and Notation

dQM—digital quality measure

DRM—digital rights management

E

EBM—evidence-based medicine

EBSCO—Elton B. Stephens Company

eCQM—electronic clinical quality measure

ED—emergency department

EHR—electronic health record

EPC—Evidence-based Practice Center

EU—European Union

F

FAIR—findable, accessible, interoperable, reusable

FDA—Food and Drug Administration

FHIR—Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources

FOA—funding opportunity announcement

G

GDP—gross domestic product

GIN—Guidelines International Network

H

HCUP—Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project

HCUPnet—Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Network

HEDIS—Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set

HHS—U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

HIA—Health Information Alliance, Inc.

HIE—health information exchange

HIIN—hospital improvement innovation network

HIMSS—Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society

HITECH—Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health \[Act\]

HIV—human immunodeficiency virus

HL7—Health Level Seven International

HRSA—Health Resources and Services Administration

HSPC—Health Services Platform Consortium

HSR—Health Services Research

I

IG—implementation guide

IHE—Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise

IHS—Indian Health Service

IMO—Intelligent Medical Objects

IOM—Institute of Medicine

PRO—Island Peer Review Organization, Inc.

IT—information technology

J

K

L

LHS—learning health system

L·OVE—Living OVerview of Evidence

LRC—Librarian Reserve Corps

M

MCBK—Mobilizing Computable Biomedical Knowledge

MAGIC—Making Grade the Irresistible Choice

MEPS—Medical Expenditure Panel Survey

MHA—Masters of Health(care) Administration

MHS—Military Health System

ML—machine learning 

MN—Minnesota

N 

N3C—National COVID Cohort Collaborative 

NA—North America 

NACHC—National Association of Community Health Centers

NCATS—National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences 

NCQA—National Committee for Quality Assurance

Next-Gen—next-generation

NGC—National Guideline Clearinghouse 

NHQ—National Health Quality

NHQDR—National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports

NHLBI—National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

NIAID—National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

NIDDK—National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

NIH—National Institutes of Health

NLM—National Library of Medicine

NLP—Natural Language Processing

NSAIDs—nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

O

OC—Office of Communications

OMG—Object Management Group <

OAP—Opioid Action Plan

ONC—The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology

OUD—opioid use disorder

P

PAR—An NIH special receipt, referral, and/or review considerations program announcement

PBRNs—Practice-Based Research Networks

PCCDS-LN—Patient-Centered CDS Learning Network

PCMH—patient-centered medical home

PCOR—patient-centered outcomes research

PCORI—Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute

PCORTF—Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Trust Fund

PGHD—patient-generated health data

PHR—personal health record

PICO—patient intervention, comparison, outcome

PPP—public–private partnership

PROs—patient-reported outcomes

PSNet—Patient Safety Network

Q

QI—quality improvement

QME—Quality Measurement Enterprise

R

RESC—Roadmap Execution Steering Committee

RFI—request for information

ROI—return on investment

S

SDOH—social determinants of health

SAMHSA—Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

SRDR+—Systematic Review Data Repository Plus

T

T2D—type 2 diabetes

U

U—University

UI—user interface

UM—University of Michigan

U MN—University of Minnesota

USCDI—U.S. Core Data for Interoperability

USHIK—United States Health Information Knowledgebase

USPSTF—U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

UT—University of Texas

V

VA—U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs

VCU—Virginia Commonwealth University

VHA—Veterans Health Administration

W

WG—workgroup

WHO—World Health Organization

Z



Image Modified

Glossary

This appendix defines terminology used in the context of this ACTS Roadmap Report, augmented by definitions from AHRQ's PSNet Glossary (346).

A

B

C

D

Data—Clinical, patient-provided, and social determinants of health information

Digital Knowledge Platform—A platform that stores and shares computable information in the form of FAIR, computable, and useful evidence, tools, resources, and other offerings based on a universally adopted reference architecture

E

Evidence—Medical research systematically reviewed and processed into knowledge, tools, and resources

Evidence-based—An assertion about some aspect of medical care that reflects the preponderance of results from relevant medical research studies of good methodological quality

F

G

Guidance—Knowledge, tools, and resources derived from systematically reviewed evidence that are applied to improve decisions and actions

H

I

J

K

Knowledge—Research results, synthesized evidence, clinical guidance, and decision support tools

Knowledge Ecosystem—The environment in which people use processes and technology to address the seamless flow of healthcare information around the LHS cycle in ways that deliver desired outcomes

Knowledge Ecosystem Cycle—The functional knowledge ecosystem that enables the LHS cycle

L

LHS Cycle—Health, care delivery, and QI actions produce data about results, which is processed into evidence about effective actions, which is processed into knowledge, tools, and resources that inform subsequent action in a continuous cycle

Living—Continually evolving based on new information

M

Marketplace—Public or private repositories comprised of interoperable DKPs used to disseminate living evidence, guidance, tools, and resources

N

O

P

Q

Quintuple Aim—A goal where the healthcare system simultaneously enhances patient experience, improves population health, reduces costs, and improves clinician experience

R

Resources—Evidence-based sources of information or expertise

S

T

Tools

U

V

W

X

Y

Z